Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran

Document Type : Articles


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, 67149, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan University, Golestan, Iran

3 Department of Biodiversity, Institute of Environmental Science, International Center for Science, High Technology and Environmental Science, Kerman, Iran

4 Department of Biology, Shahid Bahonar University, P. O. Box 76169-133, Kerman, Iran

5 Department of Biological Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California 95211, USA


An updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Iran is presented based on records of amphibian and reptile species whose presence has been confirmed in Iran as a result of extensive field expeditions, examination of herpetological collections, literature review, and personal communications from researchers. The herpetofauna of Iran consists of 13 species and five subspecies of frogs and toads belonging to five genera and four families, eight species of salamanders belonging to four genera and two families, nine species and six subspecies of turtles, terrapins and tortoises belonging to nine genera and six families, one species of crocodile, one species of amphisbaenian, more than 125 species of lizards belonging to 36 genera and eight families as well as 79 species of snakes belonging to 37 genera and six families.