Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran

Document Type : Articles


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science

2 Department of biology, Faculty of science, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran

3 1

4 Department of Biological Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California 95211, USA


An updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Iran is presented based on records of
amphibian and reptile species whose presence has been confirmed in Iran as a result of
extensive field expeditions, examination of herpetological collections, literature review,
and personal communications from researchers. The herpetofauna of Iran consists of 13
species and five subspecies of frogs and toads belonging to five genera and four families,
eight species of salamanders belonging to four genera and two families, nine species and
six subspecies of turtles, terrapins and tortoises belonging to nine genera and six families,
one species of crocodile, one species of amphisbaenian, more than 125 species of lizards
belonging to 36 genera and eight families as well as 79 species of snakes belonging to 37
genera and six families.