Population genetic structure of Mahi Sefid (Rutilus frisii kutum) in the of South Caspian Sea: Implications for fishery management

Document Type : Research articles



Mahi sefid (Cyprinidae) is an economically important fish in the south Caspian Sea.
Specimens was collected from the Lamir River, Sefid Rud, Shir Rud and Tajan Rivers and
analyzed at 38 microsatellite DNA loci. Eight primers out of the thirty analyzed loci were
polymorphic in all sampling regions. The highest observed heterozygosity (1) was in locus
Ca1 in Sefid Rud and lowest was 0.07 in locus SYP5 in Lamir River. The highest
expected heterozygosity was 0.92 in locus SYP4 in Shir Rud and lowest was 0.24 in locus
SYP6 in Tajan River. The average allele per locus was 7.22, maximum allele per locus was
15 and minimum allele per locus was two. The highest genetic distance was between Shir
Rud and Tajan River (0.07) and lowest genetic distance was between Sefid Rud and Tajan
River (0.05). All loci and all rivers deviated from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
expectations (P